A SERMON TO MYSELF.
It was the Sabbath morn. But such a Sabbath! The day seemed all wan
with weeping, and gray with care. The wind dashed itself against the
casement, laden with soft heavy sleet. The ground, the bushes, the
very outhouses seemed sodden with the rain. The trees, which looked
stricken as if they could die of grief, were yet tormented with
fear, for the bare branches went streaming out in the torrent of the
wind, as cowering before the invisible foe. The first thing I knew
when I awoke was the raving of that wind. I could lie in bed not a
moment longer. I could not rest. But how was I to do the work of my
office? When a man's duty looks like an enemy, dragging him into the
dark mountains, he has no less to go with it than when, like a
friend with loving face, it offers to lead him along green pastures
by the river-side. I had little power over my feelings; I could not
prevent my mind from mirroring itself in the nature around me; but I
could address myself to the work I had to do. "My God!" was all the
prayer I could pray ere I descended to join my sister at the
breakfast-table. But He knew what lay behind the one word.
Martha could not help seeing that something was the matter. I saw by
her looks that she could read so much in mine. But her eyes alone
questioned me, and that only by glancing at me anxiously from, time
to time. I was grateful to her for saying nothing. It is a fine
thing in friendship to know when to be silent.
The prayers were before me, in the hands of all my friends, and in
the hearts of some of them; and if I could not enter into them as I
would, I could yet read them humbly before God as His servant to
help the people to worship as one flock. But how was I to preach? I
had been in difficulty before now, but never in so much. How was I
to teach others, whose mind was one confusion? The subject on which
I was pondering when young Weir came to tell me his sister was
dying, had retreated as if into the far past; it seemed as if years
had come between that time and this, though but one black night had
rolled by. To attempt to speak upon that would have been vain, for I
had nothing to say on the matter now. And if I could have recalled
my former thoughts, I should have felt a hypocrite as I delivered
them, so utterly dissociated would they have been from anything that
I was thinking or feeling now. Here would have been my visible form
and audible voice, uttering that as present to me now, as felt by me
now, which I did think and feel yesterday, but which, although I
believed it, was not present to my feeling or heart, and must wait
the revolution of months, or it might be of years, before I should
feel it again, before I should be able to exhort my people about it
with the fervour of a present faith. But, indeed, I could not even
recall what I had thought and felt. Should I then tell them that I
could not speak to them that morning?--There would be nothing wrong
in that. But I felt ashamed of yielding to personal trouble when the
truths of God were all about me, although I could not feel them.
Might not some hungry soul go away without being satisfied, because
I was faint and down-hearted? I confess I had a desire likewise to
avoid giving rise to speculation and talk about myself, a desire
which, although not wrong, could neither have strengthened me to
speak the truth, nor have justified me in making the attempt.--What
was to be done?
All at once the remembrance crossed my mind of a sermon I had
preached before upon the words of St Paul: "Thou therefore which
teachest another, teachest thou not thyself?" a subject suggested by
the fact that on the preceding Sunday I had especially felt, in
preaching to my people, that I was exhorting myself whose necessity
was greater than theirs--at least I felt it to be greater than I
could know theirs to be. And now the converse of the thought came to
me, and I said to myself, "Might I not try the other way now, and
preach to myself? In teaching myself, might I not teach others?
Would it not hold? I am very troubled and faithless now. If I knew
that God was going to lay the full weight of this grief upon me, yet
if I loved Him with all my heart, should I not at least be more
quiet? There would not be a storm within me then, as if the Father
had descended from the throne of the heavens, and 'chaos were come
again.' Let me expostulate with myself in my heart, and the words of
my expostulation will not be the less true with my people."
All this passed through my mind as I sat in my study after
breakfast, with the great old cedar roaring before my window. It was
within an hour of church-time. I took my Bible, read and thought,
got even some comfort already, and found myself in my vestry not
quite unwilling to read the prayers and speak to my people.
There were very few present. The day was one of the worst--violently
stormy, which harmonized somewhat with my feelings; and, to my
further relief, the Hall pew was empty. Instead of finding myself a
mere minister to the prayers of others, I found, as I read, that my
heart went out in crying to God for the divine presence of His
Spirit. And if I thought more of myself in my prayers than was well,
yet as soon as I was converted, would I not strengthen my brethren?
And the sermon I preached to myself and through myself to my people,
was that which the stars had preached to me, and thereby driven me
to my knees by the mill-door. I took for my text, "The glory of the
Lord shall be revealed;" and then I proceeded to show them how the
glory of the Lord was to be revealed. I preached to myself that
throughout this fortieth chapter of the prophecies of Isaiah, the
power of God is put side by side with the weakness of men, not that
He, the perfect, may glory over His feeble children; not that He may
say to them--"Look how mighty I am, and go down upon your knees and
worship"--for power alone was never yet worthy of prayer; but that
he may say thus: "Look, my children, you will never be strong but
with MY strength. I have no other to give you. And that you can get
only by trusting in me. I cannot give it you any other way. There is
no other way. But can you not trust in me? Look how strong I am. You
wither like the grass. Do not fear. Let the grass wither. Lay hold
of my word, that which I say to you out of my truth, and that will
be life in you that the blowing of the wind that withers cannot
reach. I am coming with my strong hand and my judging arm to do my
work. And what is the work of my strong hand and ruling arm? To feed
my flock like a shepherd, to gather the lambs with my arm, and carry
them in my bosom, and gently lead those that are with young. I have
measured the waters in the hollow of my hand, and held the mountains
in my scales, to give each his due weight, and all the nations, so
strong and fearful in your eyes, are as nothing beside my strength
and what I can do. Do not think of me as of an image that your hands
can make, a thing you can choose to serve, and for which you can do
things to win its favour. I am before and above the earth, and over
your life, and your oppressors I will wither with my breath. I come
to you with help I need no worship from you. But I say love me, for
love is life, and I love you. Look at the stars I have made. I know
every one of them. Not one goes wrong, because I keep him right. Why
sayest thou, O Jacob, and speakest, O Israel--my way is HID from the
Lord, and my judgment is passed over from my God! I give POWER to
the FAINT, and to them that have no might, plenty of strength."
"Thus," I went on to say, "God brings His strength to destroy our
weakness by making us strong. This is a God indeed! Shall we not
I gave my people this paraphrase of the chapter, to help them to see
the meanings which their familiarity with the words, and their
non-familiarity with the modes of Eastern thought, and the forms of
Eastern expression, would unite to prevent them from catching more
than broken glimmerings of. And then I tried to show them that it
was in the commonest troubles of life, as well as in the spiritual
fears and perplexities that came upon them, that they were to trust
in God; for God made the outside as well as the inside, and they
altogether belonged to Him; and that when outside things, such as
pain or loss of work, or difficulty in getting money, were referred
to God and His will, they too straightway became spiritual affairs,
for nothing in the world could any longer appear common or unclean
to the man who saw God in everything. But I told them they must not
be too anxious to be delivered from that which troubled them: but
they ought to be anxious to have the presence of God with them to
support them, and make them able in patience to possess their souls;
and so the trouble would work its end--the purification of their
minds, that the light and gladness of God and all His earth, which
the pure in heart and the meek alone could inherit, might shine in
upon them. And then I repeated to them this portion of a prayer out
of one of Sir Philip Sidney's books:--
"O Lord, I yield unto Thy will, and joyfully embrace what sorrow
Thou wilt have me suffer. Only thus much let me crave of Thee, (let
my craving, O Lord, be accepted of Thee, since even that proceeds
from Thee,) let me crave, even by the noblest title, which in my
greatest affliction I may give myself, that I am Thy creature, and
by Thy goodness (which is Thyself) that Thou wilt suffer some beam
of Thy majesty so to shine into my mind, that it may still depend
confidently on Thee."
All the time I was speaking, the rain, mingled with sleet, was
dashing against the windows, and the wind was howling over the
graves all about. But the dead were not troubled by the storm; and
over my head, from beam to beam of the roof, now resting on one, now
flitting to another, a sparrow kept flying, which had taken refuge
in the church till the storm should cease and the sun shine out in
the great temple. "This," I said aloud, "is what the church is for:
as the sparrow finds there a house from the storm, so the human
heart escapes thither to hear the still small voice of God when its
faith is too weak to find Him in the storm, and in the sorrow, and
in the pain." And while I spoke, a dim watery gleam fell on the
chancel-floor, and the comfort of the sun awoke in my heart. Nor
let any one call me superstitious for taking that pale sun-ray of
hope as sent to me; for I received it as comfort for the race, and
for me as one of the family, even as the bow that was set in the
cloud, a promise to the eyes of light for them that sit in darkness.
As I write, my eye falls upon the Bible on the table by my side, and
I read the words, "For the Lord God is a sun and shield, the Lord
will give grace and glory." And I lift my eyes from my paper and
look abroad from my window, and the sun is shining in its strength.
The leaves are dancing in the light wind that gives them each its
share of the sun, and my trouble has passed away for ever, like the
storm of that night and the unrest of that strange Sabbath.
Such comforts would come to us oftener from Nature, if we really
believed that our God was the God of Nature; that when He made, or
rather when He makes, He means; that not His hands only, but His
heart too, is in the making of those things; that, therefore, the
influences of Nature upon human minds and hearts are because He
intended them. And if we believe that our God is everywhere, why
should we not think Him present even in the coincidences that
sometimes seem so strange? For, if He be in the things that
coincide, He must be in the coincidence of those things.
Miss Oldcastle told me once that she could not take her eyes off a
butterfly which was flitting about in the church all the time I was
speaking of the resurrection of the dead. I told the people that in
Greek there was one word for the soul and for a butterfly--Psyche;
that I thought as the light on the rain made the natural symbol of
mercy--the rainbow, so the butterfly was the type in nature, and
made to the end, amongst other ends, of being such a type--of the
resurrection of the human body; that its name certainly expressed
the hope of the Greeks in immortality, while to us it speaks
likewise of a glorified body, whereby we shall know and love each
other with our eyes as well as our hearts.--My sister saw the
butterfly too, but only remembered that she had seen it when it was
mentioned in her hearing: on her the sight made no impression; she
saw no coincidence.
I descended from the pulpit comforted by the sermon I had preached
to myself. But I was glad to feel justified in telling my people
that, in consequence of the continued storm, for there had been no
more of sunshine than just that watery gleam, there would be no
service in the afternoon, and that I would instead visit some of my
sick poor, whom the weather might have discomposed in their worn
The people were very slow in dispersing. There was so much putting
on of clogs, gathering up of skirts over the head, and expanding of
umbrellas, soon to be taken down again as worse than useless in the
violence of the wind, that the porches were crowded, and the few
left in the church detained till the others made way. I lingered
with these. They were all poor people.
"I am sorry you will have such a wet walk home," I said to Mrs
Baird, the wife of old Reginald Baird, the shoemaker, a little
wizened creature, with more wrinkles than hairs, who the older and
more withered she grew, seemed like the kernels of some nuts only to
grow the sweeter.
"It's very good of you to let us off this afternoon, sir. Not as I
minds the wet: it finds out the holes in people's shoes, and gets my
husband into more work."
This was in fact the response of the shoemaker's wife to my sermon.
If we look for responses after our fashion instead of after people's
own fashion, we ought to be disappointed. Any recognition of truth,
whatever form it may take, whether that of poetic delight,
intellectual corroboration, practical commonplace; or even vulgar
aphorism, must be welcomed by the husbandmen of the God of growth. A
response which jars against the peculiar pitch of our mental
instrument, must not therefore be turned away from with dislike. Our
mood of the moment is not that by which the universe is tuned into
its harmonies. We must drop our instrument and listen to the other,
and if we find that the player upon it is breathing after a higher
expression, is, after his fashion, striving to embody something he
sees of the same truth the utterance of which called forth this his
answer, let us thank God and take courage. God at least is pleased:
and if our refinement and education take away from our pleasure, it
is because of something low, false, and selfish, not divine in a
word, that is mingled with that refinement and that education. If
the shoemaker's wife's response to the prophet's grand poem about
the care of God over His creatures, took the form of acknowledgment
for the rain that found out the holes in the people's shoes, it was
the more genuine and true, for in itself it afforded proof that it
was not a mere reflex of the words of the prophet, but sprung from
the experience and recognition of the shoemaker's wife. Nor was
there anything necessarily selfish in it, for if there are holes in
people's shoes, the sooner they are found out the better.
While I was talking to Mrs Baird, Mr Stoddart, whose love for the
old organ had been stronger than his dislike to the storm, had come
down into the church, and now approached me.
"I never saw you in the church before, Mr Stoddart," I said, "though
I have heard you often enough. You use your own private door
"I thought to go that way now, but there came such a fierce burst of
wind and rain in my face, that my courage failed me, and I turned
back--like the sparrow--for refuge in the church."
"A thought strikes me," I said. "Come home with me, and have some
lunch, and then we will go together to see some of my poor people. I
have often wished to ask you."
His face fell.
"It is such a day!" he answered, remonstratingly, but not positively
refusing. It was not his way ever to refuse anything positively.
"So it was when you set out this morning," I returned; "but you
would not deprive us of the aid of your music for the sake of a
charge of wind, and a rattle of rain-drops."
"But I shan't be of any use. You are going, and that is enough."
"I beg your pardon. Your very presence will be of use. Nothing yet
given him or done for him by his fellow, ever did any man so much
good as the recognition of the brotherhood by the common signs of
friendship and sympathy. The best good of given money depends on the
degree to which it is the sign of that friendship and sympathy. Our
Lord did not make little of visiting: 'I was sick, and ye visited
me.' 'Inasmuch as ye did it not to one of the least of these, ye did
it not to me.' Of course, if the visitor goes professionally and not
humanly,--as a mere religious policeman, that is--whether he only
distributes tracts with condescending words, or gives money
liberally because he thinks he ought, the more he does not go the
better, for he only does harm to them and himself too."
"But I cannot pretend to feel any of the interest you consider
essential: why then should I go?"
"To please me, your friend. That is a good human reason. You need
not say a word--you must not pretend anything. Go as my companion,
not as their visitor. Will you come?"
"I suppose I must."
"You must, then. Thank you. You will help me. I have seldom a
So when the storm-fit had abated for the moment, we hurried to the
vicarage, had a good though hasty lunch, (to which I was pleased to
see Mr Stoddart do justice; for it is with man as with beast, if you
want work out of him, he must eat well--and it is the one
justification of eating well, that a man works well upon it,) and
set out for the village. The rain was worse than ever. There was no
sleet, and the wind was not cold, but the windows of heaven were
opened, and if the fountains of the great deep were not broken up,
it looked like it, at least, when we reached the bridge and saw how
the river had spread out over all the low lands on its borders. We
could not talk much as we went along.
"Don't you find some pleasure in fighting the wind?" I said.
"I have no doubt I should," answered Mr Stoddart, "if I thought I
were going to do any good; but as it is, to tell the truth, I would
rather be by my own fire with my folio Dante on the reading desk."
"Well, I would rather help the poorest woman in creation, than
contemplate the sufferings of the greatest and wickedest," I said.
"There are two things you forget," returned Mr Stoddart. "First,
that the poem of Dante is not nearly occupied with the sufferings of
the wicked; and next, that what I have complained of in this
expedition--which as far as I am concerned, I would call a wild
goose chase, were it not that it is your doing and not mine--is that
I am not going to help anybody."
"You would have the best of the argument entirely," I replied, "if
your expectation was sure to turn out correct."
As I spoke, we had come within a few yards of the Tomkins's cottage,
which lay low down from the village towards the river, and I saw
that the water was at the threshold. I turned to Mr Stoddart, who,
to do him justice, had not yet grumbled in the least.
"Perhaps you had better go home, after all," I said; "for you must
wade into Tomkins's if you go at all. Poor old man! what can he be
doing, with his wife dying, and the river in his house!"
"You have constituted yourself my superior officer, Mr Walton. I
never turned my back on my leader yet. Though I confess I wish I
could see the enemy a little clearer."
"There is the enemy," I said, pointing to the water, and walking
Mr Stoddart followed me without a moment's hesitation.
When I opened the door, the first thing I saw was a small stream of
water running straight from the door to the fire on the hearth,
which it had already drowned. The old man was sitting by his wife's
bedside. Life seemed rapidly going from the old woman. She lay
breathing very hard.
"Oh, sir," said the old man, as he rose, almost crying, "you're come
"Did you send for me?" I asked.
"No, sir. I had nobody to send. Leastways, I asked the Lord if He
wouldn't fetch you. I been prayin' hard for you for the last hour. I
couldn't leave her to come for you. And I do believe the wind 'ud
ha' blown me off my two old legs."
"Well, I am come, you see. I would have come sooner, but I had no
idea you would be flooded."
"It's not that I mind, sir, though it IS cold sin' the fire went.
But she IS goin' now, sir. She ha'n't spoken a word this two hours
and more, and her breathin's worse and worse. She don't know me now,
A moan of protestation came from the dying woman.
"She does know you, and loves you too, Tomkins," I said. "And you'll
both know each other better by and by."
The old woman made a feeble motion with her hand. I took it in mine.
It was cold and deathlike. The rain was falling in large slow drops
from the roof upon the bedclothes. But she would be beyond the reach
of all the region storms before long, and it did not matter much.
"Look if you can find a basin or plate, Mr Stoddart, and put it to
catch the drop here," I said.
For I wanted to give him the first chance of being useful.
"There's one in the press there," said the old man, rising feebly.
"Keep your seat," said Mr Stoddart. "I'll get it."
And he got a basin from the cupboard, and put it on the bed to catch
The old woman held my hand in hers; but by its motion I knew that
she wanted something; and guessing what it was from what she had
said before, I made her husband sit on the bed on the other side of
her and take hold of her other hand, while I took his place on the
chair by the bedside. This seemed to content her. So I went and
whispered to Mr Stoddart, who had stood looking on disconsolately:--
"You heard me say I would visit some of my sick people this
afternoon. Some will be expecting me with certainty. You must go
instead of me, and tell them that I cannot come, because old Mrs
Tomkins is dying; but I will see them soon."
He seemed rather relieved at the commission. I gave him the
necessary directions to find the cottages, and he left me.
I may mention here that this was the beginning of a relation between
Mr Stoddart and the poor of the parish--a very slight one indeed,
at first, for it consisted only in his knowing two or three of them,
so as to ask after their health when he met them, and give them an
occasional half-crown. But it led to better things before many years
had passed. It seems scarcely more than yesterday--though it is
twenty years ago--that I came upon him in the avenue, standing in
dismay over the fragments of a jug of soup which he had dropped, to
the detriment of his trousers as well as the loss of his soup. "What
am I to do?" he said. "Poor Jones expects his soup to-day."--"Why,
go back and get some more."--"But what will cook say?" The poor man
was more afraid of the cook than he would have been of a squadron of
cavalry. "Never mind the cook. Tell her you must have some more as
soon as it can be got ready." He stood uncertain for a moment. Then
his face brightened. "I will tell her I want my luncheon. I always
have soup. And I'll get out through the greenhouse, and carry it to
Jones."--"Very well," I said; "that will do capitally." And I went
on, without caring to disturb my satisfaction by determining whether
the devotion of his own soup arose more from love to Jones, or fear
of the cook. He was a great help to me in the latter part of his
life, especially after I lost good Dr Duncan, and my beloved friend
Old Rogers. He was just one of those men who make excellent
front-rank men, but are quite unfit for officers. He could do what
he was told without flinching, but he always required to be told.
I resumed my seat by the bedside, where the old woman was again
moaning. As soon as I took her hand she ceased, and so I sat till it
began to grow dark.
"Are you there, sir?" she would murmur.
"Yes, I am here. I have a hold of your hand."
"I can't feel you, sir."
"But you can hear me. And you can hear God's voice in your heart. I
am here, though you can't feel me. And God is here, though you can't
She would be silent for a while, and then murmur again--
"Are you there, Tomkins?"
"Yes, my woman, I'm here," answered the old man to one of these
questions; "but I wish I was there instead, wheresomever it be as
you're goin', old girl."
And all that I could hear of her answer was, "Bym by; bym by."
Why should I linger over the death-bed of an illiterate woman, old
and plain, dying away by inches? Is it only that she died with a
hold of my hand, and that therefore I am interested in the story? I
trust not. I was interested in HER. Why? Would my readers be more
interested if I told them of the death of a young lovely creature,
who said touching things, and died amidst a circle of friends, who
felt that the very light of life was being taken away from them? It
was enough for me that here was a woman with a heart like my own;
who needed the same salvation I needed; to whom the love of God was
the one blessed thing; who was passing through the same dark passage
into the light that the Lord had passed through before her, that I
had to pass through after her. She had no theories--at least, she
gave utterance to none; she had few thoughts of her own--and gave
still fewer of them expression; you might guess at a true notion in
her mind, but an abstract idea she could scarcely lay hold of; her
speech was very common; her manner rather brusque than gentle; but
she could love; she could forget herself; she could be sorry for
what she did or thought wrong; she could hope; she could wish to be
better; she could admire good people; she could trust in God her
Saviour. And now the loving God-made human heart in her was going
into a new school that it might begin a fresh beautiful growth. She
was old, I have said, and plain; but now her old age and plainness
were about to vanish, and all that had made her youth attractive to
young Tomkins was about to return to her, only rendered tenfold more
beautiful by the growth of fifty years of learning according to her
ability. God has such patience in working us into vessels of honour!
in teaching us to be children! And shall we find the human heart in
which the germs of all that is noblest and loveliest and likest to
God have begun to grow and manifest themselves uninteresting,
because its circumstances have been narrow, bare, and
poverty-stricken, though neither sordid nor unclean; because the
woman is old and wrinkled and brown, as if these were more than the
transient accidents of humanity; because she has neither learned
grammar nor philosophy; because her habits have neither been
delicate nor self-indulgent? To help the mind of such a woman to
unfold to the recognition of the endless delights of truth; to watch
the dawn of the rising intelligence upon the too still face, and the
transfiguration of the whole form, as the gentle rusticity vanishes
in yet gentler grace, is a labour and a delight worth the time and
mind of an archangel. Our best living poet says--but no; I will not
quote. It is a distinct wrong that befalls the best books to have
many of their best words quoted till in their own place and
connexion they cease to have force and influence. The meaning of the
passage is that the communication of truth is one of the greatest
delights the human heart can experience. Surely this is true. Does
not the teaching of men form a great part of the divine gladness?
Therefore even the dull approaches of death are full of deep
significance and warm interest to one who loves his fellows, who
desires not to be distinguished by any better fate than theirs; and
shrinks from the pride of supposing that his own death, or that of
the noblest of the good, is more precious in the sight of God than
that of "one of the least of these little ones."
At length, after a long silence, the peculiar sounds of obstructed
breathing indicated the end at hand. The jaw fell, and the eyes were
fixed. The old man closed the mouth and the eyes of his old
companion, weeping like a child, and I prayed aloud, giving thanks
to God for taking her to Himself. It went to my heart to leave the
old man alone with the dead; but it was better to let him be alone
for a while, ere the women should come to do the last offices for
the abandoned form.
I went to Old Rogers, told him the state in which I had left poor
Tomkins, and asked him what was to be done.
"I'll go and bring him home, sir, directly. He can't be left there."
"But how can you bring him in such a night?"
"Let me see, sir. I must think. Would your mare go in a cart, do you
"Quite quietly. She brought a load of gravel from the common a few
days ago. But where's your cart? I haven't got one."
"There's one at Weir's to be repaired, sir. It wouldn't be stealing
to borrow it."
How he managed with Tomkins I do not know. I thought it better to
leave all the rest to him. He only said afterwards, that he could
hardly get the old man away from the body. But when I went in next
day, I found Tomkins sitting, disconsolate, but as comfortable as he
could be, in the easy chair by the side of the fire. Mrs Rogers was
bustling about cheerily. The storm had died in the night. The sun
was shining. It was the first of the spring weather. The whole
country was gleaming with water. But soon it would sink away, and
the grass be the thicker for its rising.